Tuesday, July 23, 2013

1307.5338 (A. J. Levan et al.)

Hubble Space Telescope observations of the afterglow, supernova and host galaxy associated with the extremely bright GRB 130427A    [PDF]

A. J. Levan, N. R. Tanvir, A. S. Fruchter, J. Hjorth, E. Pian, P. Mazzali, D. A. Perley, Z. Cano, J. Graham, R. A. Hounsell, S. B. Cenko, J. P. U. Fynbo, C. Kouveliotou, A. Pe'er, K. Misra, K. Wiersema
We present Hubble Space Telescope observations of the exceptionally bright and luminous Swift gamma-ray burst, GRB 130427A. At z=0.34 this burst affords an excellent opportunity to study the supernova associated with an intrinsically extremely luminous burst (E_iso >10^54 erg), much more luminous than almost all previous GRBs with spectroscopically associated supernovae. We use the combination of the image quality and UV capability of HST to provide the best possible separation of the afterglow, host and supernova contributions to the observed light ~17 rest-frame days after the burst. We find that the burst originated ~4 kpc from the nucleus of a moderately star forming (1 Msol/yr), possibly interacting disc galaxy. ACS grism observations show that the associated supernova, SN 2013cq, is well fit in the red by an SN 1998bw-like supernovae of similar luminosity and velocity (v~15,000 km/s). The positions of the bluer features are better matched by the higher velocity SN 2010bh (v~30,000 km/s), but this SN fails to reproduce the overall spectral shape, perhaps indicative of velocity structure in the ejecta. The similarity of supernovae from both the most luminous and least luminous GRBs suggests broadly similar progenitor stars can create GRBs across six orders of magnitude in isotropic energy.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5338

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