Monday, July 22, 2013

1307.5092 (A. López-Oramas et al.)

The IFAE/UAB and LUPM Raman LIDARs for Cherenkov Telescope Array Observatory    [PDF]

A. López-Oramas, O. Abril, O. Blanch Bigas, J. Boix, V. Da Deppo, M. Doro, L. Font, D. Garrido, M. Gaug, M. Martínez, G. Vasileiadis, for the CTA Consortium
The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is the next generation of Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes. It will reach a sensitivity and an energy resolution with no precendent in very high energy gamma-ray astronomy. In order to achieve this goal, the systematic uncertainties derived from the atmospheric conditions shall be reduced to the minimum. Different instruments may help account for these uncertainties. The Barcelona IFAE/UAB (acronyms for Institut de F\'isica d'Altes Energies and Universitat Aut\`onoma de Barcelona, respectively) and the Montpellier LUPM (Laboratoire Univers et Particules de Montpellier) groups are building Raman LIDARs, devices which can reduce the systematic uncertainties in the reconstruction of the gamma-ray energies from 20$%$ down to 5$%$. The Raman LIDARs subject of this work have coaxial 1.8 m mirrors with a Nd-YAG laser each. A liquid light-guide collects the light at the focal plane and transports it to the readout system. We are developping a monochromator with the purpose of testing the readout chain of both LIDARs. This device is composed of a system of filters and a photomultiplier, and will be used to study a particular elastic channel. After characterizing the system, we will build a polychromator to collect also the sparse Raman signal and will optimize it to reduce every possible loss of signal. We report on the current status of the LIDARs development and also the latest results on the different characterization tests.
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