Wednesday, July 10, 2013

1307.2514 (Kumiko Morihana et al.)

MAXI/GSC Discovery of the Black Hole Candidate MAXI J1305-704    [PDF]

Kumiko Morihana, Mutsumi Sugizaki, Satoshi Nakahira, Megumi Shidatsu, Yoshihiro Ueda, Motoko Serino, Tatehiro Mihara, Masaru Matsuoka, Hitoshi Negoro, Nobuyuki Kawai
We present the first results on the new black hole candidate, MAXI J1305-704, observed by MAXI/GSC. The new X-ray transient, named as MAXI J1305-704, was first detected by the MAXI-GSC all-sky survey on 2012 April 9 in the direction to the outer Galactic bulge at (l,b)=(304.2deg,-7.6deg). The Swift/XRT follow-up observation confirmed the uncatalogued point source and localized to the position at (13h06m56s.44,-70d27'4".91). The source continued the activity for about five months until 2012 August. The MAXI/GSC light curve in the 2--10 keV band and the variation of the hardness ratio of the 4-10 keV to the 2-4 keV flux revealed the hard-to-soft state transition on the the sixth day (April 15) in the brightening phase and the soft-to-hard transition on the ~60th day (June 15) in the decay phase. The luminosity at the initial hard-to-soft transition was significantly higher than that at the soft-to-hard transition in the decay phase. The X-ray spectra in the hard state are represented by a single power-law model with a photon index of ~2.0, while those in the soft state need such an additional soft component as represented by a multi-color disk blackbody emission with an inner disk temperature ~0.5--1.2 keV. All the obtained features support the source identification of a Galactic black-hole binary located in the Galactic bulge.
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